Know Your Planting Zone
If you have ever struggled with growing magnificent blooms and huge vegetation, your issue might not be watering, fertilizing, or where the plant is placed; It is most likely because of your choosing process. All plants are registered with the USDA and divided among the country based on climate. This is called a Planting Zone or Hardiness Zone.
This map is split into 13 different zones, separated by a 10°F-range. Each plant has its own hardiness zone where it can survive the low temperatures in the area. If the plant is not meant for the zone you are in, it may die due to heat or frost. Therefore, finding what zone is yours, and what plants work well for that area can help you to grow perennials, landscaping trees, and shrubs!
Zone 1 (-60° to -50°): This is the coldest zone in America. This is in the Northernmost part of the US and Central Alaska. You might ask what can even grow in these freezing temps? Plants that are very hardy like Creeping Jenny and Siberian Iris grow well as well as birch trees and aspens.
Zone 2 (-50° to -40°): This is also a relatively cold area. This zone is only indicated for north and central Alaska. Some of the plants that are best for this area are Okra, Floss Flower , and paper birches as well as other hardy trees.
Zone 3 (-40° to -30°): States that border Canada (Northern Montana, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Upstate New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine) all fall within Zone 3. It is slightly warmer here, but you still need the hardiness of cold tolerant plants for the winter months. Plants and trees that grow well here are Cherry Trees, Hostas, and Sugar Maples.
Zone 4 (-30° to -20°): States like Idaho, Wyoming, and South Dakota fall into Zone 4 hardiness levels. Suitable plants include Daylilies, Forsythias, and Carrots.
Zone 5 (-20° to -10°): This zone includes Colorado, Nebraska, and Iowa as the main portion as well as Northern Illinois, Indiana, New York, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania. Bulbs like Tulips, Daffodils, and Lilies do well here. Some other plants that thrive here include Lavender and Salvia.
Zone 6 (-10° to 0°): This zone bands throughout the middle of the country going through the eastern border of Colorado and New Mexico, through Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Ohio, West Virginia, Southern Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey and Connecticut. Zone 6 is the largest zone and includes most of the states. Tomatoes, Common boxwoods, and Coneflowers are excellent plants for this area.
Zone 7 (0° to 10°): This is the zone where the plants become slightly less hardy due to the warmer temperatures. Arizona, New Mexico, Northern Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina are where zone 7 is located. Dogwoods, Oakleaf Hydrangeas, and Contorted Hazelnut trees are common plants in this area.
Zone 8 (10° to 20°): Zone 8 plants prosper in the coastal regions of Washington state, Oregon and Northern California. This zone also spans central Texas, Georgia, Alabama, and South and North Carolina. This being the zone I live in, I know the most about this area. On my social media, most of my pictures of plants come from this zone (if you were curious!). Some of my favorite plants include Gardenias, Hydrangeas, and Peonies.
Zone 9 (20° to 30°): Zone 9 weather conditions include California, Arizona, East Texas, Louisiana, and Florida. One of my favorite plants thrives in this area, the orchid. Other Plants that do well here are Fuchsias and Eucalyptus species.
Zone 10 (30° to 40°): This area has a higher average year-round temperature than the zones discussed previously. Florida, Arizona’s Mexico border, and the Southern tip of California are the states that make up this zone. Poinsettias, Succulents, and Birds of Paradise love the heat of this region.
Zone 11 (40° to 50°): This zone is relatively small only including Los Angeles, San Diego, and Miami. Plants that love this region are Aloe Vera, Cannas, and Agaves. This area can be tricky when planting. Make sure to study your local humidity levels to ensure your plant can withstand the heat.
Zone 12 (50° to 60°): This area only represents part of the Hawaiin Islands and Puerto Rico. The plants here are all very heat resistant. Elephant Ears, Amaryllis, and Pineapples flourish here.
Zone 13 (60° to 70°): This zone also includes the Hawaiin Islands and Puerto Rico. Coconut Palms, Avocados, and Lantana can survive in this region.
I hope you are now well versed in the zones. This is not fully detailed to include ‘a’ and ‘b’ aspects of the zones, but if you would like to know that information, tune into our social media! You can learn how to choose the perfect plants for your area!